OTL 4.0, Example 375 (Simple Insert/Select, otl_connect::operator<<, <<=, >>)

This example demonstrates a simple INSERT, SELECT, constant SQL statements, and otl_connect::operator<<, <<=, >>().

Source Code

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

#include <stdio.h>
#define OTL_ODBC // Compile OTL 4.0/ODBC
// The following #define is required with MyODBC 3.51.11 and higher
#define OTL_ODBC_SELECT_STM_EXECUTE_BEFORE_DESCRIBE
#include <otlv4.h> // include the OTL 4.0 header file

otl_connect db; // connect object

void insert()
// insert rows into table
{
otl_stream o;
o.setBufSize(1); // buffer size still needs to be set to 1 on INSERT / UPDATE / DELETE

// Send a message (SQL statement) to the otl_connect object.
db<<="insert into test_tab values "
"(:f1<int>,:f2<char[31]>), "
"(:f12<int>,:f22<char[31]>), "
"(:f13<int>,:f23<char[31]>), "
"(:f14<int>,:f24<char[31]>), "
"(:f15<int>,:f25<char[31]>)";

// Send a message (SQL statement) from the connect object
// to the otl_stream object.

db>>o;

// By and large, this is all syntactical sugar, but "some like it hot".

char tmp[32];

for(int i=1;i<=100;++i){
sprintf(tmp,"Name%d",i);
o<<i<<tmp;
}
}

void select()
{
otl_stream i;

i.setBufSize(50);

// Send a message (SQL statement) to the otl_connect object.
db<<="select * from test_tab where f1>=:f11<int> and f1<=:f12<int>*2";

// Send a message (SQL statement) from the connect object
// to the otl_stream object.

db>>i;

// By and large, this is all syntactical sugar, but "some like it hot".

int f1;
char f2[31];

i<<8<<8; // assigning :f11 = 8, :f12 = 8
// SELECT automatically executes when all input variables are
// assigned. First portion of output rows is fetched to the buffer

while(!i.eof()){ // while not end-of-data
i>>f1>>f2;
cout<<"f1="<<f1<<", f2="<<f2<<endl;
}

i<<4<<4; // assigning :f11 = 8, :f12 = 8
// SELECT automatically executes when all input variables are
// assigned. First portion of output rows is fetched to the buffer

while(!i.eof()){ // while not end-of-data
i>>f1>>f2;
cout<<"f1="<<f1<<", f2="<<f2<<endl;
}

}

int main()
{
otl_connect::otl_initialize(); // initialize the database API environment
try{

db<<"scott/tiger@mysql35"; // connect to the database

// Send SQL statements to the connect obejct for immediate execution.
// Ignore any exception for the first statement.
try{ db<<"drop table test_tab"; } catch(otl_exception&){}
db<<"create table test_tab(f1 int, f2 varchar(30)) type=innoDB";

insert(); // insert records into table
select(); // select records from table

}

catch(otl_exception& p){ // intercept OTL exceptions
cerr<<p.msg<<endl; // print out error message
cerr<<p.stm_text<<endl; // print out SQL that caused the error
cerr<<p.var_info<<endl; // print out the variable that caused the error
}

db.logoff(); // disconnect from the database

return 0;

}

Output

f1=8, f2=Name8
f1=9, f2=Name9
f1=10, f2=Name10
f1=11, f2=Name11
f1=12, f2=Name12
f1=13, f2=Name13
f1=14, f2=Name14
f1=15, f2=Name15
f1=16, f2=Name16
f1=4, f2=Name4
f1=5, f2=Name5
f1=6, f2=Name6
f1=7, f2=Name7
f1=8, f2=Name8

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Copyright © 1996-2017, Sergei Kuchin, email: skuchin@gmail.com, skuchin@gmail.com/A>.

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