OTL 4.0, Example 146 (otl_stream and NULLs)

Example 146 (otl_stream and NULLs)

This example demonstrates the otl_stream with NULLs.

Source Code

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

#include <stdio.h>
// #define OTL_ODBC_UNIX // uncomment this line if UnixODBC is used
#define OTL_ODBC_ALTERNATE_RPC
#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(_WIN64)
#define OTL_ODBC
#else
#define OTL_ODBC_POSTGRESQL // required with PG ODBC on Windows
#endif
#include <otlv4.h> // include the OTL 4.0 header file

otl_connect db; // connect object

void insert()
// insert rows into table

 otl_stream o(50, // PostgreSQL 8.1 and higher, the buffer can be > 1
              "insert into test_tab values(:f1<float>,:f2<char[31]>)", 
                 // SQL statement
              db // connect object
             );
 char tmp[32];

 for(int i=1;i<=100;++i){
  sprintf(tmp,"Name%d",i);
  if(i==10)
   o<<(float)i<<otl_null();
  else
   o<<(float)i<<tmp;
 }
}

void select()

 otl_stream i(50, // buffer size
              "select * from test_tab where f1>=:f11<int> and f1<=:f12<int>*2",
                 // SELECT statement
              db // connect object
             ); 
   // create select stream
 
 float f1;
 char f2[31];

 i<<8<<8; // assigning :f11 = 8, :f12=8
   // SELECT automatically executes when all input variables are
   // assigned. First portion of output rows is fetched to the buffer

 while(!i.eof()){ // while not end-of-data
  i>>f1;
  if(i.is_null())
   cout<<"f1=NULL,";
  else
   cout<<"f1="<<f1<<",";
  i>>f2;
  if(i.is_null())
   cout<<"f2=NULL";
  else
   cout<<"f2="<<f2;
  cout<<endl;
 }

}

int main()
{
 otl_connect::otl_initialize(); // initialize ODBC environment
 try{

  db.rlogon("UID=scott;PWD=tiger;DSN=postgresql"); // connect to ODBC
//  db.rlogon("scott/tiger@postgresql"); // connect to ODBC, alternative format
                                    // of connect string 
  otl_cursor::direct_exec
   (
    db,
    "drop table test_tab",
    otl_exception::disabled // disable OTL exceptions
   ); // drop table

db.commit();

  otl_cursor::direct_exec
   (
    db,
    "create table test_tab(f1 int, f2 varchar(30))"
    );  // create table

db.commit();

  insert(); // insert records into table
  select(); // select records from table

 }

 catch(otl_exception& p){ // intercept OTL exceptions
  cerr<<p.msg<<endl; // print out error message
  cerr<<p.stm_text<<endl; // print out SQL that caused the error
  cerr<<p.sqlstate<<endl; // print out SQLSTATE message
  cerr<<p.var_info<<endl; // print out the variable that caused the error
 }

 db.logoff(); // disconnect from ODBC

 return 0;

}

Output

f1=8, f2=Name8
f1=9, f2=Name9
f1=10, f2=NULL
f1=11, f2=Name11
f1=12, f2=Name12
f1=13, f2=Name13
f1=14, f2=Name14
f1=15, f2=Name15
f1=16, f2=Name16

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